In 1786 a large group of metallurgical engineers and craftsmen led by Charles Gascoigne arrived in Russia from Scotland. The majority of them were soon employed at the Aleksandrovsky foundry in Petrozavodsk, and Charles Gascoigne, known in Russia as Karl Karlovich Gaskoin, became head of all mines and foundries in Karelia. Over the next twenty years, the Aleksandrovsky foundry became one of the most advanced metallurgical enterprises in Russia. Gascoigne reconstructed existing foundries at Konchezero (near Petrozavodsk) and Izhora (near St. Petersburg), and created new foundries in Kronshtadt, Petersburg (this plant later became the famous Putilov, now Kirov, works), and in Lugansk. Besides military output cannon and shot for shipboard and fortress artillery, Gascoigne developed iron-founding in Russia and imported the first steam-engine into the country. The British in Petrozavodsk were not only engaged in metallurgical development. They also introduced the cultivation of potatoes into Karelia, and they created a Masonic lodge in Petrozavodsk. Charles Gascoigne died in 1806 and in accordance with his will was buried in Petrozavodsk. Gascoignes successor in Olonets was another Scot, Adam Armstrong, who directed metallurgical operations there in the years 1807 1818. A.V. Armstrong died in 1818 and was also buried in Petrozavodsk. Gascoignes and Armstrongs graves are lost, but the house in which they lived and the Konchezero foundry building on the outskirts of Petrozavodsk still stand.

The reputation of Gascoigne and his associates in Great Britain and Russia has fluctuated, and historically they have had a mixed press. In Britain they were long regarded as traitors, while in Russia they were thought of as charlatans or even spies. Within the past ten to fifteen years the situation has begun to change, and now conditions are favourable for a more objective evaluation of this episode in the history of Russian-British economic and cultural relations.

The idea of the project

Project goal and objectives

Project realization steps

The project idea: Shlykova . .Pashkov . .